Health, Wellbeing and Disadvantage

While standards of living are at a historical high, significant diversity exists within the population, as individuals are exposed to different opportunities and experiences over the life course.  This research theme is broadly divided into three strands. The first aims to develop and refine measures of wellbeing and economic opportunity in Australia. The second strand focuses on barriers to economic participation by disadvantaged subgroups and how their access to economic opportunities might be improved. Subgroups of interest include people living in poverty, sole parents, long-term older renters, the unemployed, and people with disabilities. The third strand looks more broadly at the links between health and wellbeing and economic or social participation. For instance, how do health conditions affect future economic and social outcomes? What role do working conditions (e.g. flexible working practices) play in driving life satisfaction? What are the employment outcomes of people with caring responsibilities?

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Gender health gaps: The role of risky addictive behaviors Abebe Hailemariam, Siew Ling Yew, Samuelson Appau Despite significant improvements in health and longevity, the gender gap in health persists. Using longitudinal data from 15 waves of the HILDA survey for the period from 2005 to 2019, this paper examines the impacts of risky addictive behaviors given... Read article 8 October 2021Journal Articles Read More
Exposure to conflicts and the continuum of maternal healthcare Anu Rammohan, Astghik Mavisakalyan, Lili Loan Vu, Srinivas Goli Violent conflicts are observed in many parts of the world and have profound impacts on the lives of exposed individuals. The limited evidence available from specific country or region contexts suggest that conflict exposure may reduce health service utilization and... Read article 28 September 2021Journal Articles Read More
Preferences for Government Assistance to Forced Migrants: Do Perceptions of Disadvantage Matter? Astghik Mavisakalyan Developing regions have received a significant share of refugees over the past decade yet knowledge on willingness to extend government support to these groups in host countries is limited. This paper explores how perceived disadvantage of refugees and internally displaced... Read article 19 May 2021Journal Articles Read More
Can bribery buy health? Evidence from post-communist countries Astghik Mavisakalyan, Vladimir Otrachshenko, Olga Popova Corruption is pervasive, but we know little about its effects on individual lives. Using individual-level data from 28 post-communist countries, we demonstrate that bribing for public services worsens self-assessed health. We account for endogeneity of bribery and show that bribing... Read article 13 May 2021Journal Articles Read More
Female autonomy in household decision-making and intimate partner violence: Evidence from Pakistan Astghik Mavisakalyan, Anu Rammohan The aim of this study is to explore the links between female autonomy in household decision-making and intimate partner violence in a highly relevant yet under-studied context: Pakistan. Using a nationally representative dataset, and employing matching and partial identification estimation... Read article 21 October 2020Working Papers Read More
Household density and children’s wellbeing in Australia: Are children’s homes too empty? Michael Dockery Living in crowded housing has been associated with poorer physical and mental health outcomes, with a greater emphasis on the psychological effects when the underlying quality of housing is high. Hence ‘overcrowding’ features as a housing condition extensively studied in... Read article 12 September 2020Working Papers Read More