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Publication Type: Working PapersX
The decades-long dispute over scale effects in the theory of economic growth Steven Bond-Smith The so-called ‘new growth theory’ is characterized by the now Nobel Prize winning insight that ideas are a non-rival input to and output from endogenous investment in innovation. Non-rivalry implies increasing returns to scale, but this also unintentionally creates an... Read article 1 March 2019Working Papers Read More
Explaining the evolution of ethnicity differentials in academic achievements: The role of time investments Ha Nguyen, Luke B. Connelly, Huong Thu Le, Francis Mitrou, Catherine L. Taylor, Stephen R Zubrick Children of Asian immigrants in most English-speaking destinations have better academic outcomes, yet the underlying causes of their advantages are under-studied. We employ panel time-use diaries by two cohorts of children observed over a decade to present new evidence that... Read article 15 February 2019Working Papers Read More
The impact of compatibility on innovation in markets with network effects Steven Bond-Smith This article analyses the relationship between compatibility and innovation in markets with network effects using a model of competition with endogenous R&D, commercialization and compatibility. Incumbent acquisition of an innovation or profit from entry provides entrepreneurs with an incentive for... Read article 3 December 2018Working Papers Read More
Discretely innovating: The effect of barriers to entry on innovation and growth Steven Bond-Smith This article considers the effect of a discrete entry barrier (i.e. an integer number of firms) in an endogenous growth model to draw conclusions about the relationship between contestability, innovation and growth. Sector specific workers provide a tool for calibrating... Read article 3 December 2018Working Papers Read More
The role of conflict in sex discrimination: The case of missing girls Astghik Mavisakalyan, Anna Minasyan Recent evidence shows that highly skewed sex ratios at birth are observed not only in China and India, but also for a number of countries in the Southeast Europe and South Caucasus – a region that has seen eruptions of... Read article 19 June 2018Working Papers Read More
Where do immigrants settle? Assessing the role of immigration policies Alan Duncan, Mark Harris, Astghik Mavisakalyan, Toan Nguyen This paper compares immigration flows in response to changes in labour market conditions to provide an assessment of Australia’s selective immigration policies. We find employer sponsored immigration varied in line with changes in regional wages, with immigrants being drawn to... Read article 17 April 2018Working Papers Read More
Rain, Rain, Go Away: Weather and children’s time allocation Ha Nguyen, Huong Thu Le, Luke B. Connelly This paper presents the first robust causal estimates of the effect of weather on the allocation of children’s time. It uses individual-level data from over 45,000 time-use diaries of children from two nationally representative cohorts of Australian children whose time-use... Read article 5 April 2018Working Papers Read More
Intra-household entitlements and gender inequality: An Australian perspective Jaslin Kalsi This paper analyses factors which affect the intra-household distribution of entitlements between men and women in Australian couple households. Several studies have been undertaken into the effects of intra-household bargaining on labour, domestic violence, fertility decisions, and wealth. However, Australian... Read article 15 November 2017Working Papers Read More
Oil and Women: A Re-examination Astghik Mavisakalyan, Yashar Tarverdi In a seminal article, Ross (2008) reports a negative correlation between oil production and women’s representation in the labour force and politics across countries. This article re-examines these relationships exploiting variations in oil endowments to address endogeneity concerns. We confirm... Read article 15 November 2017Working Papers Read More
Gender and climate change: Do female parliamentarians make a difference? Astghik Mavisakalyan, Yashar Tarverdi This paper investigates whether female political representation in national parliaments influences climate change policy outcomes. Based on data from a large sample of countries, we demonstrate that female representation leads countries to adopt more stringent climate change policies. We exploit... Read article 15 November 2017Working Papers Read More
Talking in the Present, Caring for the Future: Language and Environment Astghik Mavisakalyan, Yashar Tarverdi, Clas Weber This paper identifies a new source that explains environmental behaviour: the presence of future tense marking in language. We predict that languages that grammatically mark the future affect speakers’ intertemporal preferences and thereby reduce their willingness to address climate change.... Read article 24 July 2017Working Papers Read More
Culture, housing, remoteness and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander child development. Michael Dockery The limited empirical evidence available in Australia points to beneficial effects of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples’ identification with their culture across a range of outcome domains. Living in remote communities, with limited mainstream economic opportunity, services and infrastructure... Read article 1 February 2017Working Papers Read More