The Role of Conflict in Sex Discrimination: The Case of Missing Girls

JournalEconomic Development and Cultural Change
AuthorsAstghik Mavisakalyan, Anna Minasyan
PublishedJune 2021
PublisherThe University of Chicago Press Journals
Research ThemesGender and Diversity

Conflicts between ethnic groups can threaten group survival and exacerbate son preference in conformity with the traditional role of men as group defenders. We study the impact of the Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict over the Nagorno-Karabakh region on the subnational variation of sex ratios among children in Armenia that has one of the world’s highest sex ratios at birth.

Difference-in-differences analysis show that communities closer to the conflict region have higher sex ratio among children relative to the communities farther away.

The findings from household surveys show that fear of war is associated with a stronger son preference at the individual level.