Gender and Diversity

The gender income and wealth gap remains a persistent issue of policy concern, despite long-run increases in women’s participation in tertiary education and employment, and advancements in policies promoting gender equity in Australia. Existing BCEC research highlights significant gender pay gaps in the workplace, which in turn can exacerbate other forms of gender inequity such as slowing the rate of accumulation of superannuation wealth, increased reliance on government income support over the life course, and increased exposure to poverty in old age. Research under this theme sheds light on issues that affect gender equity in WA and nationally, including gender pay and wealth gaps, women’s representation in senior leadership, occupational segregation, the effects of informal care roles on employment outcomes and gendered differences in age discrimination in labour markets.

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The role of conflict in sex discrimination: The case of missing girls Astghik Mavisakalyan, Anna Minasyan Recent evidence shows that highly skewed sex ratios at birth are observed not only in China and India, but also for a number of countries in the Southeast Europe and South Caucasus – a region that has seen eruptions of... Read article 19 June 2018Working Papers Read More
Gender gaps in long-term earnings and retirement wealth Astghik Mavisakalyan We measure gender gaps in long-term earnings and retirement wealth over the 15-year period from 2001 to 2015. Our analysis of data from the Housing, Income, and Labour Dynamics in Australia survey generates new estimates of the effects of education... Read article 2 May 2018Journal Articles Read More
Gender Equity Insights 2018: Inside Australia’s Gender Pay Gap Rebecca Cassells, Alan Duncan This third report in the BCEC|WGEA Gender Equity Insights series extends and strengthens the evidence base around gender pay gaps and how these have changed over time across Australian workplaces. The report uses unique data reported to the WGEA, capturing 4... Read article 2 March 2018Gender Equity Insights Read More
Constitutions and the Political Agency of Women: A Cross-Country Study Astghik Mavisakalyan Gender in Constitutional Law is a comprehensive three-volume collection of formative and influential scholarship in a dynamic area of legal development and social change. Compiling theoretical, empirical, and practical analyses from leading scholars, judges, and nongovernmental organizations around the world, these volumes... Read article 1 March 2018Books and Book Chapters Read More
The evolution of the gender test score gap through seventh grade: new insights from Australia using unconditional quantile regression and decomposition Huong Thu Le, Ha Nguyen This paper documents the patterns and examines the factors contributing to a gender gap in educational achievements in early seventh grade of schooling using a recent and nationally representative panel of Australian children. Regression results indicate that females excel at... Read article 21 February 2018Journal Articles Read More
Oil and Women: A Re-examination Astghik Mavisakalyan, Yashar Tarverdi In a seminal article, Ross (2008) reports a negative correlation between oil production and women’s representation in the labour force and politics across countries. This article re-examines these relationships exploiting variations in oil endowments to address endogeneity concerns. We confirm... Read article 31 January 2018Journal Articles Read More