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Author: Astghik MavisakalyanX
Linguistic Structures and Economic Outcomes Astghik Mavisakalyan, Clas Weber Linguistic structures have recently started to attract attention from economists as determinants of economic phenomena. This paper provides the first comprehensive review of this nascent literature and its achievements so far. First, we explore the complex connections between language, culture,... Read article 24 October 2017Journal Articles Read More
Do employers reward physical attractiveness in transition countries Astghik Mavisakalyan This paper studies the labour market returns to physical attractiveness using data from three transition countries of the Caucasus: Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia. I estimate a large positive effect of attractive looks on males probability of employment. Results from the... Read article 20 October 2017Journal Articles Read More
Talking in the Present, Caring for the Future: Language and Environment Astghik Mavisakalyan, Yashar Tarverdi, Clas Weber This paper identifies a new source that explains environmental behaviour: the presence of future tense marking in language. We predict that languages that grammatically mark the future affect speakers’ intertemporal preferences and thereby reduce their willingness to address climate change.... Read article 24 July 2017Working Papers Read More
Linguistic Relativity and Economics Astghik Mavisakalyan, Clas Weber The theory of linguistic relativity—the idea that our language influences our thinking—has a long history in the humanities. Speakers of different languages may systematically think and behave differently. This phenomenon has only recently attracted attention from economists. This paper provides... Read article 1 December 2016Working Papers Read More
Looks matter: Attractiveness and Employment in the Former Soviet Union Astghik Mavisakalyan The rigid Soviet policy of full employment ensured employment for all able-bodied population. By removing this policy, the collapse of the system has made discrimination less costly. Has it also become prevalent? This paper studies the labour market discrimination on... Read article 1 November 2016Working Papers Read More
Women in the Boardroom and Fraud: Evidence from Australia Alessandra Capezio, Astghik Mavisakalyan We examine the relationship between women’s representation on corporate boards and fraud. Drawing on a discussion of existing studies, we hypothesise that increasing women’s representation on boards can help mitigate fraud. We provide validation to our conjecture through an empirical... Read article 1 September 2016Journal Articles Read More
Self-assessed versus statistical evidence of labour market discrimination Alan Duncan, Astghik Mavisakalyan, Yashar Tarverdi We assess the relative importance of statistical residual-based measures of discrimination in determining indigenous Australians’ perceptions of discrimination in the labour market. We find that statistical measures are largely unrelated to discrimination reports among males and negatively related to discrimination... Read article 1 May 2016Working Papers Read More
The labor market return to academic fraud Astghik Mavisakalyan, Juergen Meinecke Academic fraud by undergraduate students is pervasive, but should it be taken seriously as an economic problem? Our research suggests so. Using a unique data set from the Caucasus, we estimate a large positive effect of academic fraud on the... Read article 1 February 2016Journal Articles Read More
Is headspace making a difference to young people’s lives? Fiona Hilferty, Rebecca Cassells, Kristy Muir, Alan Duncan, Daniel Christensen, Francis Mitrou, Astghik Mavisakalyan, Katherine Hafekost, Yashar Tarverdi, Ha Nguyen, Ilan Katz headspace aims to improve the mental health and social and emotional wellbeing of young people in Australia through the provision of evidence-based, integrated, youth-centred and holistic services. In January 2013, the Australian Government Department of Health (DoH) commissioned a consortium... Read article 2 October 2015Research Reports Read More
Constitutions and the political agency of women Siobhan Austen, Astghik Mavisakalyan The underrepresentation of women in parliaments worldwide warrants attention to discern underlying sources. This study examines one potential source: the countries’ constitutions. Based on a large cross-country dataset from 2011, the study demonstrates that women’s representation in parliament is larger... Read article 17 September 2015Journal Articles Read More
Russian language skills and employment in the Former Soviet Union Alan Duncan, Astghik Mavisakalyan During the Soviet era, proficiency in the Russian language was often a ticket to attractive employment opportunities in the member republics. Does it still contribute to securing employment in the former Soviet republics after two decades of transition? Using data... Read article 31 July 2015Journal Articles Read More
Gender in language and gender in employment Astghik Mavisakalyan Women lag behind men in many domains. Feminist scholars have proposed that sex-based grammatical systems in languages reinforce traditional conceptions of gender roles, which in turn contribute to disadvantaging women. This article evaluates the empirical plausibility of this claim in... Read article 17 June 2015Journal Articles Read More