Missing girls: Understanding the causes

Centre PersonnelAstghik Mavisakalyan
External PersonnelStephan Klasen, Anna Minasyan
Research PartnersUniversity of Goettingen
Project FundingAustralia-Germany Joint Research Co-operation Scheme
Project StatusComplete (January 2017 to December 2017)

Project Summary

In some parts of the world, the ratio of men to women is unusually high, a phenomenon coined as ‘missing women’. Historically, increases in this ratio during and after wars have been observed but not consistently studied. This project will provide the first comprehensive examination of the link between wars and sex ratios. The analysis will focus on the case of South Caucasus, a region that has seen eruption of conflicts as well as significant increases in sex ratios following the collapse of the Soviet Union. It will a) decompose ‘missing women’ by age and region; b) estimate the causal effect of war on sex ratios; and c) evaluate the role of underlying mechanisms (biological, cultural, e.g. son preference). The results will have important implications for gender equity in the war-torn countries of the wider region (Middle East, North Caucasus) and beyond.

Project Outputs

The role of conflict in sex discrimination: The case of missing girls Astghik Mavisakalyan, Anna Minasyan Recent evidence shows that highly skewed sex ratios at birth are observed not only in China and India, but also for a number of countries in the Southeast Europe and South Caucasus – a region that has seen eruptions of... Read article 19 June 2018Working Papers Read More